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Monday, August 24, 2009

Cricket Chirping Generator


This circuit generates an astonishingly real imitation of the chirping of the cricket. A suitable audio wave form is generated by IC2 and related components, driving the loudspeaker through Q1.


Cricket Chirping Generator

Parts:

R1_____________330K 1/4W Resistor
R2_____________220K 1/4W Resistor
R3,R6__________100K 1/4W Resistors
R4_____________Photo resistor (any type) (Optional, see text)
R5,R7___________22K 1/4W Resistors
R8______________10K 1/4W Resistor
R9_____________470R 1/2W Trimmer Cermet or Carbon
R10_____________22R 1/4W Resistor

C1,C2,C3________47µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors
C4______________10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C5_______________1µF 50V Electrolytic Capacitor
C6______________10nF 63V Polyester Capacitor

D1,D2,D3,D4__1N4148 75V 150mA Diodes

Q1____________BC547 45V 100mA NPN Transistor

IC1____________4093 Quad 2 input Schmitt NAND Gate IC
IC2____________4060 14 stage ripple counter and oscillator IC

SPKR______________8 Ohm Small Loudspeaker

SW1____________SPST Toggle or Slide Switch

B1_______________9V PP3 Battery (See Notes)

Clip for PP3 Battery






To allow a more real-life behavior, the chirp is interrupted in a pseudo-casual way by two timers built around IC1C and IC1D, whose outputs are mixed into IC1B and further time-delayed by IC1A, driving the reset pin of IC2.
An optional Photo resistor can be wired across this pin and positive supply, allowing circuit starting in the dark and stopping when light is coming, thus imitating the cricket's behavior even more closely.
R9 acts as volume control and can be a preset trimmer or a small potentiometer.
Notes:

* The circuit can be powered by any battery voltage in the 5 - 12V range.
* For optimum results please use a loudspeaker as small as possible.
* In some cases, the chirp can be improved further on by pressing the loudspeaker against a flat surface, e.g. a wooden table.




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