Free Electronic Circuits,Schematic Diagram,Circuit Diagrams

Thumbnail image that says sleek button using photoshop that links to a Photoshop tutoril. free, electronic circuit, circuit diagram, circuit schematic, schematic diagram, electronic diagram, audio, amplifier, power supply, guitar effect, current loop, current limiter, video, receiver, transmitter, transceiver, transistor, radio frequency, rf, active filters, digital, analog circuit, pwm, micro controller Free download

Free Electronic Circuits,Schematic Diagram,Circuit Diagrams

External links - Jqueryelectronics circuit,circuits,schematic diagram,circuit design,circuit diagram, circuit

Electronic Circuit,Schematic Diagram,Circuit Diagrams

External links - Jqueryelectronic circuit, circuit diagram, circuit schematic, schematic diagram, electronic diagram, audio, amplifier, power supply, guitar effect, current loop, current limiter, video, receiver, transmitter, transceiver, transistor, radio frequency, rf, active filters, digital, analog circuit, pwm, micro controller Free download

Best Song Lyrics Collection

External links - JqueryFind The Music Lyrics To Any Song! It's Free DAILY UPDATED! One of the largest,most accurate, browsable and searchable song lyrics source on the net. lyric, lyrics, song, music, song lyrics, music lyrics

Sunday, August 16, 2009

Ultrasonic switch

circuit of a new type of remote control switch is described here. This circuit functions with inaudible (ultrasonic) sound. Sound of frequency up to 20 kHz is audible to human beings. The sound of frequency above 20 kHz is called ultrasonic sound. The circuit described generates (transmits) ultrasonic sound of frequency between 40 and 50 kHz. As with any other remote control system this cirucit too comprises a mini transmitter and a receiver circuit.



http://www.electronic-circuits-diagrams.com/sensorsimages/7.gif





Transmitter generates ultrasonic sound and the receiver senses ultrasonic sound from the transmitter and switches on a relay. The ultrasonic transmitter uses a 555 based astable multivibrator. It oscillates at a frequency of 40-50 kHz. An ultrasonic transmitter transducer is used here to transmit ultrasonic sound very effectively. The transmitter is powered from a 9-volt PP3 single cell. The ultrasonic receiver circuit uses an ultrasonic receiver transducer to sense ultrasonic signals. It also uses a two-stage amplifier, a rectifier stage, and an operational amplifier in inverting mode. Output of op-amp is connected to a relay through a complimentary relay driver stage. A 9-volt battery eliminator can be used for receiver circuit, if required. When switch S1 of transmitter is pressed, it generates ultrasonic sound. The sound is received by ultrasonic receiver transducer. It converts it to electrical variations of the same frequency. These signals are amplified by transistors T3 and T4. The amplified signals are then rectified and filtered. The filtered DC voltage is given to inverting pin of op-amp IC2. The non- inverting pin of IC2 is connected to a variable DC voltage via preset VR2 which determines the threshold value of ultrasonic signal received by receiver for operation of relay RL1. The inverted output of IC2 is used to bias transistor T5. When transistor T5 conducts, it supplies base bias to transistor T6. When transistor T6 conducts, it actuates the relay. The relay can be used to control any electrical or electronic equipment. Important hints:
1. Frequency of ultrasonic sound generated can be varied from 40 to 50 kHz range by adjusting VR1. Adjust it for maximum performance.
2. Ultrasonic sounds are highly directional. So when you are operating the switch the ultrasonic transmitter transducer of transmitter should be placed towards ultrasonic receiver transducer of receiver circuit for proper functioning.
3. Use a 9-volt PP3 battery for transmitter. The receiver can be powered from a battery eliminator and is always kept in switched on position.
4. For latch facility use a DPDT relay if you want to switch on and switch off the load. A flip-flop can be inserted between IC2 and relay. If you want only an ‘ON-time delay’ use a 555 only at output of IC2. The relay will be energised for the required period determined by the timing components of 555 monostable multivibrator.
5. Ultrasonic waves are emitted by many natural sources. Therefore, sometimes, the circuit might get falsely triggered, espically when a flip-flop is used with the circuit, and there is no remedy for that

0 comments:

Post a Comment | Feed

Post a Comment



.
.
.
.
.
 
TopBlogDir.blogspot.com button Top Blogs Technology Blogs Technology Blogs Add to My Yahoo! On our way to 1,000,000 rss feeds - millionrss.com Blog Search Blog Directory & Search engine LocalSubmit.com : search engine submissions and website promotion with free advice TopOfBlogs SonicRun.com blog search directory Submit your website to 20 Search Engines - FREE with ineedhits! Download Juice, the cross-platform podcast receiver
Today.com SoMuch.com: Internet Links Directory NZPAGES - Your New Zealand Web Site Directory BlogRankers.com Make Money Blogging

Search Optimization, Search Engine Optimization

A link

El directorio y buscador de Mexico Blog Search Engine Top Blogs http://www.freesearchenginesubmission.infovisiter ici Cheap Hotels Online blog directory ping fast  my blog, website, or RSS feed for Free Green-Tech blog
State Your Blog - Blog Top Sites - www.stateyourblog.com
http://www.freedomain.co.nr Increase Page Rank Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites
 on the Internet Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet Search Engine Submission - AddMe http://www.freesearchenginesubmission.infoclic pour info Search Engine Marketing and Optimization

Thank U & Come Again.....


Search Engine Optimization and SEO Tools
Submit ExpressSearch Engine Marketing

FREE CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS 4U Copyright © 2009 REDHAT Dashboard Designed by SAER