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Wednesday, August 26, 2009

Emergency Light & Alarm


This circuit is permanently plugged into a mains socket and NI-CD batteries are trickle-charged. When a power outage occurs, the lamp automatically illuminates. Instead of illuminating a lamp, an alarm sounder can be chosen.When power supply is restored, the lamp or the alarm is switched-off. A switch provides a "latch-up" function, in order to extend lamp or alarm operation even when power is restored.





Emergency Light & Alarm


Parts:
R1____________220K 1/4W Resistor R2____________470R 1/2W Resistor R3____________390R 1/4W Resistor R4______________1K5 1/4W Resistor R5______________1R 1/4W Resistor R6_____________10K 1/4W Resistor R7____________330K 1/4W Resistor R8____________470R 1/4W Resistor R9____________100R 1/4W Resistor C1____________330nF 400V Polyester Capacitor C2_____________10µF 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C3____________100nF 63V Polyester Capacitor C4_____________10nF 63V Polyester Capacitor D1-D5________1N4007 1000V 1A Diodes D6______________LED Green (any shape) D7___________1N4148 75V 150mA Diode Q1,Q3,Q4______BC547 45V 100mA NPN Transistors Q2,Q5_________BC327 45V 800mA PNP Transistors SW1,SW2________SPST Switches SW3____________SPDT Switch LP1____________2.2V or 2.5V 250-300mA Torch Lamp Bulb SPKR___________8 Ohm Loudspeaker B1_____________2.5V Battery (two AA NI-CD rechargeable cells wired in series) PL1____________Male Mains plug Mains voltage is reduced to about 12V DC at C2's terminals, by means of the reactance of C1 and the diode bridge (D1-D4). This avoids the use of a mains transformer. Trickle-charging current for the battery B1 is provided by the series resistor R3, D5 and the green LED D6 that also monitors the presence of mains supply and correct battery charging. Q2 & Q3 form a self-latching pair that start operating when a power outage occurs. In this case, Q1 biasing becomes positive, so this transistor turns on the self latching pair. If SW3 is set as shown in the circuit diagram, the lamp illuminates via SW2, which is normally closed; if set the other way, a square wave audio frequency generator formed by Q4, Q5 and related components is activated, driving the loudspeaker. If SW1 is left open, when mains supply is restored the lamp or the alarm continue to operate. They can be disabled by opening the main on-off switch SW2. If SW1 is closed, restoration of the mains supply terminates lamp or alarm operation, by applying a positive bias to the Base of Q2.
Notes: * Close SW2 after the circuit is plugged. * Warning! The circuit is connected to 230Vac mains, then some parts in the circuit board are subjected to lethal potential!. Avoid touching the circuit when plugged and enclose it in a plastic box.

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